Video instructions and help with filling out and completing Can Form 8815 Amend

Instructions and Help about Can Form 8815 Amend

Welcome to Hort tube where we talk all things gardening my name is Jim Putnam and today we're going to talk about planting and clay soils today I won't just be talking about clay based soils but any type of soil that doesn't drain very well between rains or stays wet between rains and how to amend those when we're planting woody shrubs and you know flowering shrubs and trees and any sort of gardening we're doing to improve those soils and allow them to drain better so let's go over the tools we might use in clay based soils first of all I buy all fiberglass tools I started my landscape company 20 years ago in 1996 and some of the tools I purchased at that time that were fiberglass handle tools I still have them today this rake included it's been out of shape but this garden rake and I have been together quite a bit over the years this is definitely a tool you're going to want to have as a garden rake and the main use for this when we're planting is actually going to be to pull existing mulch and pine straw out of the way we're going to use this to clear an area around where we're going to be planting so that we don't mix any of the existing mulch or pine straw into the new planting hole what might be the most important tool when we're planting in clay is actually a pickaxe this one this one again I've had for a very very long period of time it's hold up extremely well with this fiberglass handle there are two ends to this pickaxe one is the axe in I see people trying to dig with this in this is not the digging in this is if you find a root or a rock or something that you need to remove from the hole that's what we use this for this one's extremely dull I need to actually sharpen it the other end is actually the big again the pick in will use this well and I'll show you will slam this down into the ground and just pull back on it kind of easy and just break up the clay and then we'll use the shovel to do the rest of the work next up is the shovel the thing we're going to remove the soil from the hole after we use the pickaxe to break it up I'm not going to try in clay base oils to use a full sized shovel like this to break up clay soils it's just not it's just very very difficult it's actually discouraging I don't use these at all we didn't when we landscape I quickly found out Leon the area that I'm in especially anywhere around Raleigh or central North Carolina has a lot of clay and you just can't stick this thing in the ground very readily so we don't use it what we actually uses a trenching shovel the shovel is about maybe five inch five inches in width and maybe twelve inches long and this one was probably about an inch longer when I purchased it I've worn it out over the years but this tool once we use the pickaxe to break the soil up a little bit this tool will slide right into the clay and easily remove it so when you're shopping for a shovel and you have clay in your yard and you're only going to buy one shovel because these fiberglass tools can be expensive buy trenching shovel and not a regular digging Spade okay so let's talk about what soil amendment we're going to use more planting in the clay first of all we'll want to avoid anything that says potting mix or potting soil or anything like that these are not going to be good for woody shrubs or trees or fruiting plants or burying plants even if you were putting your shrub in a container this is a container mix but it's a container mix that's best for annuals maybe flowering perennials your summer flowering container plants or vegetable plants but really not for any kind of woody shrubs or trees so we'll avoid this and move to the next thing we're also going to want to avoid peat moss when we're planting in clay that's one of the components it's in the potting soil this has can wick you know 20 or 30 or maybe more times at some own late and water up this is a decayed plant material that's decayed over generations and degenerations and it's fantastic for holding water in place not a good idea in clay soils because you're digging a little clay pot if you put something in it that will wick up water all the water is going to run into your newly dug clay pot and then it's this materials going to soak it up and keep it in place and end up drowning your plants so just not a good idea in clay soils the next thing I've got here is a bag of cow manure similar similar results to peat moss and potting soil this is going to hold too much water in place I believe for planting and clay it a very very heavy material and it does tend to stay wet between rains and between waterings you know this bag right here weighs you know it's the same sized bag as some of these other ones and it weighs double its just it it has a amazing capacity of holding water which is great in some planting situations but not very good in planting in the clay the next thing we have is compost in this product happens to be a chunkier compost you can kind of feel on the outside of the bag and see if it's got any material left in it that hasn't been fully