Video instructions and help with filling out and completing Fill Form 8815 Participating

Instructions and Help about Fill Form 8815 Participating

I hope that everybody followed new souls advice and yesterday exercised your rights as a citizen of a free State I hope so good I begin today with an apology and that is for the particular Edition that you're using for this section of the class and Roussel this is the only Edition that I've assigned in the course that I don't like why did I assign it because I want us to read the second discourse the discourse on inequality and the social contract and this is the only Edition that I could find where they are both in the same volume and I don't have to assign two separate books so in order to keep your costs down I bit the bullet and assigned in a translation and in addition I don't particularly care for a far superior Edition is found in this this is one of the two volumes that Cambridge blue book series as it's called edited and translated by gravich if anybody wants to do more advanced work in Rousseau you will no doubt get this Edition better translations better notes and so on of the second discourse and and the social contract and for anybody who's interested I've decided because Rousseau has become so important to me that next year I will be offering a an undergraduate seminar entirely devoted to Rousseau he's one of the handful of writers of political philosophers to whom one could in all you know the justice vote an entire semester to his writings and that's what I want to do next year so if any of you should get the bug the roussel bug next year we'll we'll do Rousseau in many more texts in detail so with that with that having been said I want to talk today about remarkable remarkable human being and writer it's a very common way of entering the thought of Rousseau to see him as a critic of liberalism of the kind of property owning rights based society given expression by John Locke and I will talk about that a little bit later but to see Rousseau is a critic of locky and liberalism would be I think very short-sighted and very unfair Rousseau was a product not of liberal society but rather of the ancien r gime the old regime in France Rousseau was born in 1712 it was two years before the death of the famous son King Louie the 14th man who symbolized the age of absolutism and he died in 1778 approximately a decade before the outbreak of the French Revolution his life in other words was lived entirely within the waning decades the waning years of the age of absolutism in France and in continental Europe Rousseau was deeply aware that he lived in an age of transition but what precisely would come after he was by no means clear he wrote as you will see with a passion and in and the intensity of someone who fully expected to be instrumental in the coming of a new historical and political epoch and indeed he was Rousseau was Swiss he was not French he was a Swiss he signed many of his most important words simply situaion de gen ve a citizen of Geneva after the city where he was born he was the son of an artisan who abandoned his family after a falling out with the local authorities and the in the young Rousseau was it was apprenticed to an engraver but he left Geneva he fled Geneva for good at the age of 16 for the following 16 years Rousseau lived a kind of vagabond varied life doing many different things working as a music instructor and a transcriber he was the secretary of to the French ambassador in the city of Venice and he was also the lover of a wealthy woman many years his senior after moving to Paris in 1744 Rousseau spent several years eking out a living sort of on the margins of the Parisian literary scene until 1750 when he published his first although quite brief major essay a work called the discourse on the arts and the sciences which catapulted him to litter to literary Fame that work made his name the soap who was caught it came to be called the first discourse that work was followed five years later in 1755 by the work we will be reading starting today the discourse and the origins of inequality often simply called the second discourse and that work was followed later on in 1762 with the social contract and also the same year that so published his major massive work on political education called Emil or on education both in 1762 during this period Rousseau fathered five children he abandoned all of them to an orphanage he did so with a common-law wife with whom he lived and during this times the writings I've mentioned are only a small portion although a very important portion of the writings which he lived he was also the author of a very large novel Heloise the new Heloise the nouvelle Heloise which was a best-seller in his time and it was a kind of philosophical novel that helped you that explored many of his ideas he was the composer of an opera the divan village there was a performed the court of Louis the 15th and he also wrote several very important and interesting volumes of autobiography the most famous the best known of which is simply called confessions after the work of Saint Agustin of a title book of the same name and he also wrote another volume of autobiography in a dialogue forum called russo-georgian Jacques in which he divides himself up into two different people Rousseau and jean-jacques and a kind of internal interrogation of himself Rousseau wrote in many and varies on Rah's and his work spans the entire gamut of philosophical literary and political themes