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Video instructions and help with filling out and completing How Form 8815 Separately

Instructions and Help about How Form 8815 Separately

This is the island of Ireland. The land is politically split between the Republic of Ireland, an independent country, and Northern Ireland, which, together with Scotland, England, and Wales, forms the United Kingdom. But why exactly is Ireland split, and when did it happen? To fully understand the situation, we must go all the way back to the 12th century. After the Normans invaded England and successfully took control, they decided to invade Ireland. In 1171, Henry the Second, with the authorization of Pope Adrian the Fourth, landed in Ireland and took control of large parts of the island. The following year, the lordship of Ireland was created, and the Lord of Ireland was also the King of England. The lordship of Ireland was a papal possession held by the king of England. This marked the beginning of English and later British rule over Ireland. Officially, the lordship of Ireland ruled over the entire island, but in reality, it controlled much less than this. Over the years, English control of Ireland receded. This was attained before there was a religious difference between Ireland and England. The English and the native Irish were both Catholic nations. As the Reformation brought about the emergence of Protestantism, many of the Normans in Ireland assimilated into Irish culture and became more Irish than the Irish themselves. Laws were introduced to ban intermarriage between English settlers and the Gaelic Irish, as well as the use of the Irish language. But these laws were largely ineffective. By the late 15th century, English rule in Ireland was limited to an area known as the Pale. In the early 16th century, the Protestant Reformation took place, and many European powers turned their backs on the Roman Catholic Church, forming a new branch of the Christian faith. While the...