Video instructions and help with filling out and completing When Form 8815 Prohibited

Instructions and Help about When Form 8815 Prohibited

In the early 1900's there was a saloon one saloon for every 300 people and that would have been about 30x the amount of saloons that you had today Peoria whiskey capital of the world that wasn't just a catchy phrase it was fact prior to 1920 Peoria was home to a total of 73 distilleries and 24 breweries and that meant wealth houses on Moss Avenue and High Street reflected the money of the day facilities for all Peorians to use funded by whiskey Barons dotted the cityscape the Grand Opera House the Grand Army of their public hall ornate theaters artwork and much more it meant jobs for many and the US government benefited as a Peoria area paid more in federal taxes than any other tax district in America the production of alcohol began in the city in 1837 when Andrew idle built the first brewery and al Myron Cole erected Peoria's first distillery six years later the industry Bergeon and liquor was an elixir for Peorians for more than 80 years but times change and the laws changed the 18th amendment it went into effect in January of 1920 and it was a last call in the heady days of alcohol Music Applause you while constitutional amendments have a seven-year time limit for passage it took just 11 months for the necessary three quarters of event 48 states to ratify the amendment that ban the production transport and sale of alcohol but temperance efforts started much earlier than that May was the first state to forbid the sale of alcohol in 1851 and though they repealed that law five years later there was a huge pressure system of temperance settling over America's breadbasket as organizations were being formed to prohibit the sale of alcohol in Chicago in 1869 the prohibition party was founded five years later the women's Christian Temperance Union was created in Cleveland they focused not only on prohibition but also on suffrage they were protesting liquor they wanted prohibition they saw that their way to really seal that would be to have the vote so those two things were working at the same time but women were truly leading in Peoria Luci ting was very involved in the start of the temperance movement here in Peoria it started as a local group for a couple of years and then affiliated with national despite these efforts at reform alcohol production grew to enormous proportions especially here in central Illinois where the water gave Peoria distillers a unique advantage the secret was held inside the bluffs below me they wanted water that came out of a limestone quarry or a limestone well or had gone through a limestone filter the limestone Bluffs have Springs with very good water and when they needed more water than that if you drill here you can tap into aquifers underground rivers of very good quality water when the Civil War began Congress needed cash to pay for the union's war with the growth of the adult beverage industry they decided to impose a luxury tax on alcohol as well as chocolate and tobacco central Illinois producers became the largest source of income the first year of that tax over 50 percent of all the money raised in all the northern states under that law came from the fifth Tax District of Illinois which was Peoria and Pekin in 1892 the fifth taxing district paid 23 million dollars in taxes and that's twice as much as the second largest tax district but with growth came problems soon the production of alcohol outpaced consumption which led to an effort to balance supply with demand in the 1870s there was the Peoria pool and it was a voluntary organization where the distillers in Peoria came together and voluntarily tried to limit the production of their distilleries in the 1880s there was another one called the Western export Association centered in Peoria but cover a bigger area the pools failed because of their voluntary nature so they were replaced with a trust that could limit production and control prices trusts were common there are numerous examples including a sugar trust an oil trust and the distillers and cattle feeders trust casually known as the whiskey trust at the start of the trust were 65 distilleries almost all of them in the northern part in the northern states some in Kentucky but that joined the trust and they would they may be only operated 18 or 20 of those distilleries so many of those distilleries would be closed down and so they decrease the production of alcohol by doing that this propped up prices and by 1890 within three years more than 80 percent of the alcohol production was controlled by the trust but four years later life was drained out of the trust and not by government trust Buster's it was simply the fact that the whiskey industry was so profitable that many other distilleries sprang up that refused to join and they were unable to hold the monopoly together meanwhile the suds flowed in Peoria at saloons like the Golden Palace on Jefferson Street the owner Pete we stood ORN dispel us with this painting that he purchased in Europe nymphs and satyrs it became the focal point of the temperance movement in 1901 when Carrie nation threatened to destroy the painting with a hatchet Pete is said to have made a $50 contribution to Carrie's cause and the painting was spared the painting hangs today at Richard's on Main in downtown Peoria now prohibition was not gaining traction on a national basis in spite of the best efforts of Carrie nation the WCTU and the prohibition party but all of that changed when Wayne B wheeler took over the helm of the anti-saloon League and Wayne wheeler was focused on getting the right politicians in DC if you were if you were a wet he advocated to all the people