Video instructions and help with filling out and completing When Form 8815 Trademark

Instructions and Help about When Form 8815 Trademark

For more than a cent if a haunting voice of the Iron Horse echoed across the land from the eastern seaboard over the seemingly endless Plains and through the western mountains steam locomotives fused a sprawling landmass into a solid nation there's was a call to dreamers of every age laughing them from humdrum schoolroom or office to fancied adventures on the high iron lucky the boy who one day could say he had seen them in action or by 1960 the age of steam had virtually ended and the thrill of seeing a mammoth engine at work was to be only a happy memory of childhood of all the locomotives in the long history of the rails one of the greatest was called big boy a name by which the world knew an engine that closed a memorable era in western railroading it was the last of the Giants built as machines to produce transportation steam locomotives seldom were endowed with grace of line and then never at the sacrifice of efficiency and power or speed for those who ran them and serviced them the 25,000 class climaxed American steam freight locomotive design so big boy was a railroad man's everyday working too but it had romantic aspects the site of big boy fighting the grades of Wyoming Sherman Hill was to these aficionados here than any in the world's galleries the shattering sounds from its tax and the moan of its chime whistle more stirring than any concert hall melody rugged and powerful it was on call around the clock around the calendar to ride a trail of Steel as it drew bales and boxes and car loads of the world's goods from east to west to east again although its evolution began a century in the quarter before the music of this machine ever rang through Utah's Weber Canyon or drummed across the Rocky Mountain plateaus big boys true ancestors were more recent locomotives like Big Boi were products of gruelling schedules versus little engines when business surged ahead in the West around the turn of the century railroads serving that territory found they needed more power for increasingly longer trains the power problem raised by lengthening a train had long been met by adding another locomotive double heading saved time on urgent Freight but it also meant investment in extra locomotives expensive machines whose periods of usefulness were subject to the rise and fall of business nevertheless it was a grand sight to see a pair of husky little haulers leaving town to the tune of out of beat exhaust with this perky museum piece with its six churning driving wheels was new in 1890 it was considered a Samson of the rails but that was not enough even then and soon six drivers grew to hate then eight became ten as more feet were added to the Iron Horse larger cylinders were needed to power them more steam was needed to work the cylinders and in this Jack built house on wheels a larger boiler to supply the steam more power brought more weight which though it aided traction by pressing the drivers to the rail required more wheels to distributed the longer the locomotive grew the more it became like a centipede with a stiff neck it had difficulty following tracks that wound with rivers and mountains size also was limited by bridges and tunnels designed for the smaller locomotives and cars that had been adequate in the early days the same problem came upon European railroads one answer to the power inside spiral was found by a Frenchman Anatole mal a far from being a comic character ballet was a brilliant engineer in 1889 he built a flexible locomotive he made two short engine units then joined their frames with a hinge pin an extra pair of cylinders was added to drive the rear unit a large boiler completed the design voila the railroad world had here a new and useful piece of equipment it bent in the middle to take curves Freeman being hinged or articulated engines could be made longer with more wheels to distribute the weight that was the partner of power the first Mally used in America one which railroaders affectionately called old Maude ran on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad The Virginian and Erie railroads went mal a one better and built locomotives with three engine units powerful brutes but steam hungry and hard to maintain malee engines like old mod also were of the economical compound type they used the steam twice it came from the boiler pushed to the rear set of cylinders at high pressure then as it expanded it passed at lower pressure into a second and larger set before exhausting through the smokestack in 1918 we put a number of Mally's to work on heavy grades true to type with bulging front cylinders these engines did a good job of pulling but they were slow movers and hard on track the moving parts of the front units were so large and heavy that at higher speeds the track suffered continuous and devastating hammering like most Western railroads our lines stretch over long distances and speed is essential to maintain good service to get both the power and speed we needed we returned in the mid 20s to the rigid frame engine the result was the 9000 series a locomotive of singular design with 12 coupled driving wheels it was the largest non articulated engine ever built it ran twice as fast as the Mally's yet used less fuel the 9000 served well on the plains where rails curved gently but in mountain country were winding tracks resisted stiff-legged engines their efficiency and power were impaired so as early as 1936 using roller bearings and better steels we revived the articulated type locomotive the result was the famous Challenger unlike the Mally's the challengers and their later somewhat refined cousins the 3900 class