Video instructions and help with filling out and completing Where Form 8815 Exempt

Instructions and Help about Where Form 8815 Exempt

American imperialism as a policy aimed at extending the political economic and cultural control of the United States government over areas beyond its boundaries it can be accomplished in any number of ways by military conquest by treaty by subsidization by economic penetration through private companies followed by intervention when those interests are threatened or by regime change the concept of expanding territorial control was popularized in the 19th century as the doctrine of manifest destiny and was realized through conquest such as the mexican-american war of 1846 which resulted in the annexation of five hundred twenty-five thousand square miles of Mexican territory while the US government does not refer to itself as an empire the continuing phenomenon has been acknowledged by mainstream Western writers including max boot Arthur Schlessinger and Niall Ferguson topic imperialism topic Indian Wars and manifest destiny Thomas Jefferson in the 1790s awaited the fall of the Spanish Empire until our population can be sufficiently advanced to gain it from them piece by piece in turn historian Sidney Lenz notes that the urge for expansion at the expense of other peoples goes back to the beginnings of the United States itself Yale historian Paul Kennedy put it from the time the first settlers arrived in Virginia from England and started moving westward this was an imperial nation a conquering nation detailing George Washington's description of the early United States as an infant Empire Benjamin Franklin's writing that the prince that acquires new territory removes the natives to give his own people room may be properly called father of his nation and Thomas Jefferson's statement that the United States must be viewed as the nest from which all America north and south is to be people Noam Chomsky said that the United States is the one country that exists as far as I know and ever has that was founded as an empire explicitly a national drive for territorial acquisition across the continent was popularized in the 19th century as the ideology of manifest destiny it came to be realized with the mexican-american war of 1846 which resulted in the annexation of five hundred twenty-five thousand square miles of Mexican territory stretching up to the Pacific coast President James Monroe presented his famous doctrine for the Western Hemisphere in 1823 historians have observed that while the monroe doctrine contained a commitment to resist colonialism from europe it had some aggressive implications for American policy since there were no limitations on the u.s. his own actions mentioned within it scholar J Sexton notes that the tactics used to implement the doctrine were modeled after those employed by British imperialists in their territorial competition with Spain and France eminent historian William Appleman Williams dryly described it as Imperial and D colonialism the Indian wars against the indigenous population began in the British era their escalation under the Federal Republic allowed the u.s. to dominate North America and carve out the 48 continental states this is now understood to be an explicitly colonial process as the Native American nations were usually recognized as sovereign entities prior to annexation their sovereignty was systematically undermined by US state policy usually involving unequal or broken treaties and white settler colonialism the climax of this process was the California genocide topic New Imperialism in the white man's burden a variety of factors converged during the New Imperialism of the late 19th century when the United States and the other great powers rapidly expanded their overseas territorial possessions some of these are explained or used as examples for the various forms of new imperialism the prevalence of overt racism notably John Fisk's conception of anglo-saxon racial superiority and Josiah Strong's call to civilize and Christianize all manifestations of a growing social Darwinism and racism in some schools of American political thought early in his career as assistant secretary of the Navy Theodore Roosevelt was instrumental in preparing the Navy for the spanish-american war and was an enthusiastic proponent of testing the US military in battle at one point stating I should welcome almost any war for I think this country needs one Roosevelt claimed that he rejected imperialism but he embraced the near-identical doctrine of expansionism when Rudyard Kipling wrote the imperialist poem the white man's burden for Roosevelt the politician told colleagues that it was rather poor poetry but good sense from the expansion point of view Roosevelt was so committed to dominating Spain's former colonies that he proclaimed his own corollary to the Monroe Doctrine as justification although his ambitions extended even further into the Far East scholars have documented the resemblance and collaboration between US and British military activities in the Pacific at this time industry and trade are two of the most prevalent motivations of imperialism American intervention in both Latin America and Hawaii resulted in multiple industrial investments including the popular industry of dole bananas if the United States was able to annex a territory in turn they were granted access to the trade and capital of those territories in 1898 senator Albert Beveridge proclaimed that an expansion of markets was absolutely necessary American factories are making more than the American people can use American soil is producing more than they can consume fate has written our policy for us the the world must and shall be ours American rule of seated Spanish territory was not uncontested the Philippine Revolution had begun in August 1896 against Spain and after the defeat of Spain in the Battle of Manila Bay began again in earnest culminating in the Philippine declaration of independence and the establishment of the first Philippine Republic the philippine-american war ensued with extensive damage and death ultimately resulting in the defeat of the Philippine Republic according to scholars such as Gavin McCormack in East San Juan the American counterinsurgency resulted in genocide the maximum geographical extension of American direct political and military control happened in the aftermath of World War two in the period after the surrender and