Video instructions and help with filling out and completing Which Form 8815 Dependent

Instructions and Help about Which Form 8815 Dependent

Many people are confused about the difference between phrases and clauses are these different grammar items or are they just two names for the same thing that's what we're going to talk about in this video now before we start just remember if you have any questions at all you just have to ask me in the comment section below and I will talk to you there so in this lesson we're going to learn the difference between phrases and clauses but first let's talk about how phrases and clauses are similar they're similar in this way both of these refer to groups of words that are meaningful look at these examples near my home or dexstar one the bicycle race you can see that these are meaningful so one of them is a phrase and the other is a clause okay so what's the difference between them well the difference is this a clause is a group of words with a subject verb combination so Dextre one the bicycle race is a clause because it has a subject Dexter and a verb one is the past tense of wind so this is a clause a phrase is a group of words without a subject verb combination so near my home is a phrase because there's no subject verb combination it's very simple but keep this important difference in mind a clause has a subject verb combination and a phrase does not so now let me show you some more examples so that you can learn how to easily identify phrases and clauses all right all the words that you see on the screen are phrases you will notice that in all of these there's no subject verb combination and these examples also show the most common types of phrases for example my two wonderful dogs is a phrase focusing on the nouns dogs and the phrase the tallest building in the world focuses on the noun building so we say that these are noun phrases what about couldn't come and we'll be working can you guess what types of phrases these are well these are verb phrases because they only have burbs in them all of these words are verbs similarly we have the adjective phrases very friendly and afraid of the dark we say that these are adjective phrases because the focus is on friendly and afraid the other words in these phrases are only helping the main words and the main words are adjectives really fast and much quicker our adverb phrases because the adverb fast and quicker are the focus of these frames and finally what about near the post office and on the twenty-ninth do you know these are preposition phrases because each of these tells us about place or about time using the prepositions near and on these are the most common types of phrases that you will come across and once again remember these are phrases because they don't have a subject verb combination so let's now look at some examples of closets like I said a clause is just like a phrase it's a group of words but a clause has a subject verb combination now in English there are many different kinds of clauses but the two most important that you need to know about are independent and dependent clause let's start with the independent clause this is simply a clause that can stand alone as a sentence for example he ate dinner this is a clause because it has a subject he and a verb ate past tense of eat and it's independent because it can be a sentence on its own so what's the dependent clause then well it's a clause that if it has a subject verb combination but it cannot be a sentence by itself for example when James got home is a dependent clause it has a subject James and a verb got but if you think about it it's not a complete sentence because if I said when James got home you will ask okay then what what happened so you see the sentence isn't complete so this is a dependent clause to make it a full sentence you have to combine it with an independent clause such as when James got home he ate dinner in this next example please send me the report tomorrow if you can this sentence has two closets here the first Clause is independent please send me the report tomorrow and the second Clause is dependent if you can usually dependent clauses will have words like when while whenever before after because if unless and so on really simple isn't it okay now I'm going to give you a small test to see if you can identify phrases and clauses correctly okay on the screen there are ten items and for each item I want you to say if it's a phrase or a clause you get bonus points if you can say what type of phrase or clause pause the video if you want think about your answers and then play the video again and check okay let's discuss the answers number one in the garden is a phrase because there's no subject verb combination and it's a preposition phrase because it tells us about a place using the preposition in number two is a clause it has a subject charlie and a verb 1 this is a dependent clause because it starts with while and it's not a complete sentence number 3 is also a clause but it's an independent clause because it could be a sentence by itself number 4 is not a clause it's a phrase there's no subject verb combination and it's a noun phrase because it focuses on the noun box number 5 is a clause and it's an independent clause number 6 is a phrase and it's an adjective phrase because the focus is on hungry and number 7 is a