Video instructions and help with filling out and completing Why Form 8815 Matures

Instructions and Help about Why Form 8815 Matures

This is a traditional open center peach tree which many porches in the southeast are trained to we call it an open center or a vase system all the branches are going out at approximately 45 degree angle with the center of the tree open an open Center tree is primarily used to accommodate the high vigor that peach trees can have and to get rid of some of the shading issues with that excessive growth if we will look at a open Center tree we start the base this one started out with three primarily scaffold branches we come up approximately 18 inches to 2 foot and then these primary scaffolds branch and then we'd come up another 2 to 3 foot and they branch again and then off from of these main scaffolds we take the fine fruiting wood the Redwood is what we're after the red would about the size of a pencil that is going to be the most productive for the peach tree this is approximately seven-year-old peach tree its trained to the open center it has been pruned annually from the day it was planted and we're going to prune it again today for so we can maximize fruit production in the years to come the first thing we will do on a tree like this is we would get rid of the upright growth in the center of the tree the open center tree the center has to be open as the name implies or a vase so first thing we'll do is get rid of this upright growth so growth growing up straight upright or into the center of the tree will be removed we can also look at we have the framework of the tree with our major scaffold branches coming up because this one is for tear it has forked over there so with these upright branches we're going to get rid of the growth also growing up right off these lateral branches with our scaffold branches we want to continue the growth upward at approximately a 45 degree angle so watch the tips find growth that continues up at least a 45 degree angle and they will maintain those getting growth growing straight up and coming straight down underneath that will be shaded it's also removed again the lateral fruiting branches we will head those back to stiffen is also to remove some of the fruit budget that the ends you can look at many of these branches have a weeping growth habit to them those were branches that were headed last year we had three to four peaches on those branches and you'll notice as they go below horizontal we will remove those or many branches they curve go below horizontal but in the process they send out a lateral branch continuing upward so what we do is we will cut the low-hanging branches to upward growing branches and we do that around the tree growth that's growing underneath will be eliminated and that growing in the side of the tree again continuing out you can see how the central leader or the excuse me the scaffold branch here has lost its dominance it is down because fruit weight has pulled it down we have a branch that's continuing up so we'll cut out the old scaffold branch to an upward growing one so that we continue our scaffold branch on which we can have lateral lateral shoots which provide the fruit for us in the southeast most of our peach growers will want to do most of the work from the ground so they limit the height of the tree so we will go up approximately seven to eight foot and then we will head off the scaffold branch to maintain the growth from approximately that point down then growth in this centre is removed growth going straight up is remove notice we do not leave stubs we make the cuts we make them fleshly we do not encourage regrowth this is our finished tree after our dormant pruning for seven year old tree you notice we're maintaining the upward growth of our scaffold branches keeping them up at approximately a 45 degree angle off from our scaffold branches we're keeping as much of the fruiting wood the Redwood if you will that's going to be bearing fruit for this coming season keeping them as much of that as possible that's growing out to the side not going straight up straight going straight down and then we're heading it back so those branches will be stiff so they can bear the full crop of fruit that will be forming this year for more information on training and pruning fruit trees you can refer to this publication published by the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service and it can be found on the website at the bottom of this screen you