Video instructions and help with filling out and completing Will Form 8815 Dependent

Instructions and Help about Will Form 8815 Dependent

And all this time I thought the world was round the world is not round it has edges we can fall from and faces staring in entirely different directions and I thought the world was huge but it is not it's in our hands we can hold it change it turn it shake it we can solve it but not by sheer luck or chance you must be talking each year I teach a large class on global poverty at the University of California Berkeley as is befitting a great public university the students represent a diversity of social class advantage and privilege some are first-generation students some of the sons and daughters of the working classes of Gerber California others come from the fortresses of wealth yet others belong to that newly precarious social group the American middle class the students also represent a diversity of political opinion while they all want to enact social justice and be a participant in social change they have quite different understandings of what this may mean for some the quest is for social and economic equality for some it is compassionate capitalism for some it is quite simply doing good while students also have one more thing in common they tend to think about global poverty as something that exists elsewhere in the global South in the third world not here not in the United States of America one afternoon last year I listened to a group of my students discuss welfare and poverty in America it was an informal discussion and opinions flowed freely a student noted that she was as concerned about the behavior of the poor as she was about income inequality as a student from a low-income family she worked multiple jobs one of these was at a grocery store I see people on welfare come in there all the time trying to buy cigarettes and alcohol with their food stamps she said this dependency is a problem the solution to poverty cannot be handouts to the floor she concluded many in the group agreed with her the students in that conversation belonged to what I would designate as the post welfare generation they grew up during the years that the US welfare state was systematically dismantled most of them were four years old when President Clinton albeit with reluctance signed into law the bill that slashed welfare for the needy they did not hear Ronald Reagan running for the Republican presidential nomination in 1976 invent the character of the welfare queen there's a woman in Chicago Reagan said she has 80 names 30 addresses 12 social security cards she's got Medicaid getting food stamps and she is collecting welfare under each of her names her tax-free cash income alone is over a hundred and fifty thousand dollars they did not hear any of this but it was their truth they've grown up in an era in which welfare rather than poverty had become the problem to be solved I realized that afternoon that this first welfare generation was also expressing deep ambivalence about the role of government they liked nonprofits they liked market solutions to poverty they liked community organizations but they did not like government this is why they fell in love with the ideas of William easterly especially his line the rich of markets the poor have bureaucrats the bureaucracy of government like welfare dependency was the problem but here's the paradox my students enjoy a host of hidden government subsidies that buttress opportunity and mobility but they do not think that such subsidies should be available to the poor we must rephrase easterly the rich have state help the poor have self-help put another way my students are fretting about the welfare dependency of the poor but they fail to recognize that they are dependent on welfare I too am dependent on welfare let me introduce myself I'm a nanny Roy a professor at the University of California Berkeley but I live in public housing my career affords me a home in the rolling California hills with a view of the Golden Gate Bridge and self I live in public housing the public housing I live in is not the American stereotype of dilapidated towers concentrations of poverty neighborhoods devastated by violence but by homes public housing because the tax deduction I enjoy and my mortgage is a more substantial handout then any money spent by the US government on what has come to be stereotyped and vilified as public housing and there are millions of other families who enjoy the same benefit here is just one statistic to make this point in 1999 as the American Century came to a close the US government spent twenty four billion dollars on public housing and rental subsidies for the poor that same year it spent seventy two billion dollars in home ownership subsidies for the middle classes and the wealthy subsidies that are never considered to be welfare and there is no stigma attached to this dependency in fact it is seen as an entitlement why is this so history matters the American welfare state was set up in the wake of the Great Depression to create a new deal of social programs but from the very start it was divided into two channels social insurance programs made available as entitlements and public assistance programs made available as welfare need I point out the race and gender dimensions of this divide it is time for America to reconsider who is dependent on welfare take a listen in our search for the welfare queen we were looking for actual people when we should have been looking for corporate people we should have been looking at Walmart Walmart is the largest private employer and brought in more in 2011 than any other company in the nation Walmart pocketed and not too shabby 16 point four billion dollars in profits that same year and the six wal-mart