Video instructions and help with filling out and completing Will Form 8815 Int

Instructions and Help about Will Form 8815 Int

Music when states disagree on where their border is when states contest islands or a maritime zone when one state considers that another has violated a treaty or other rule of international law and when the UN or one of its agencies needs an opinion on a legal issue they can turn to the International Court of Justice Music the International Court of Justice or ICJ has its seat in the Netherlands at the peace palace in the hague like the General Assembly and the Security Council the court is what's known as a principle organ of the United Nations and is the only one not to have its seat in New York the ICJ is the principle judicial organ of the UN and the world's highest international court the court has existed since 1946 it's two official languages are English and French its founding document the statute is an integral part of the charter of the United Nations forgives us for all UN member states therefore automatically recognize the existence of the court and can call on its services the ICJ is the successor of another court created in 1922 by the League of Nations the permanent Court of international justice between 1922 and 1940 the permanent court handled around 60 cases it was dissolved after the Second World War the ICJ succeeded the permanent Court on the 18th of April 1946 inheriting not only its statute but also its jurisprudence and traditions like its predecessor the International Court of Justice has two roles the first is to decide disputes between states these are known as contentious cases the code second role is to respond to legal questions submitted to it by the General Assembly the Security Council and other UN organs or agencies these cases are known as advisory proceedings since the court was established it's dealt with a large number of cases the ICJ is not a criminal court it does not try individuals only disputes between states can be submitted to it the court consists of 15 judges they're elected for nine years by the General Assembly and the Security Council five posts are renewed every three years judges may be re-elected mr. Mohammed Benina mr. James James Richard Crawford miss Joni Donohue mr. Kirill Kevorkian and mr. Patrick Lipton Robinson have been elected to the International Court of Justice for a term of office of nine years beginning on 6 February to it the members of the court must all be from a different country they do not represent their countries they are independent judges Music I solemnly declare that I will perform my duties and exercise my powers as George honorably faithfully impartially and conscientiously the composition of the court reflects the following geographical balance three seats on the bench are occupied by African judges two seats are occupied by judges from Latin America and the Caribbean three are occupied by Asian judges five by judges from Western Europe and other western states and two by judges from Eastern Europe although no country is entitled to a seat in practice the court has always included one judge from each of the five permanent members of the Security Council if the court does not have a judge of the nationality of the state's parties to a particular case those states can each choose what's known as a judge at hoc these judges can be of any nationality and have exactly the same rights and duties as elected judges every three years the court elects its president and vice president the president chairs all sittings of the court he or she directs its work and supervises its administration each year the president presents a report on the activities of the ICJ to the General Assembly in New York a manifesto for a cool he do suit you can report the court is administratively independent it's the only principal organ of the United Nations that is not assisted by the UN Secretariat the judges are assisted by a registrar elected by the court for a renewable term of seven years the Registrar is the head of the court Secretariat its registry whose staff members are recruited from all over the world the registrar performs judicial diplomatic and administrative functions the courts first role is to judge legal disputes between states these contentious cases represent 80% of its work in the past contentious cases have often related to border disputes maritime delimitation and diplomatic protection but they also increasingly concern issues such as humanitarian law and Bera mental law the use of armed force and the responsibility of states the court's jurisdiction is general it may consider any issue of international law all UN member states are entitled to bring contentious proceedings before the court other non-member States can also access the court subject to certain conditions the court's jurisdiction thus extends throughout the world since 1946 a large number of states have appeared before the ICJ in contentious proceedings states are sovereign they're free to choose how to resolve their disputes the court can therefore only hear a case if the states involved have freely consented to having the case referred to it in most instances states appear before the court on the basis of an international treaty Music once the court has been seized the proceedings take place in two phases first the states submit their arguments evidence and submissions in writing then their representatives and lawyers deliver oral arguments before the court during hearings Costa Rica request the court to dismiss all Nicaragua's claims in this proceeding Nicaragua requests from the court to a dismiss and rejected the requests and submissions of the Republic of Costa Rica the court then withdraws to begin its deliberation its deliberations are confidential all questions are decided by a majority of the judges present on average the courts deliberations lasts between four and six months each judgment is delivered in the courts two official languages and reproduced in